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A haƙiƙa, irin wannan fahimtar tana da ƙayyadaddun matsayi na gefe ɗaya.

Ainihin bincike na ka'idar da takamaiman gwaje-gwajen sun nuna cewa babban mahimmancin haɗarin aminci na ikokayan aikin rarrabawashine ingantaccen canjin canji mai kyau da mara kyau lokacin da tsarin rarraba wutar lantarki ya lalace ta hanyar walƙiya, musamman ma juyar da canjin overvoltage yana lalata haɗarin aminci.Yanzu muna nazarin dukkanin tsarin ci gaban ingantaccen canji mai kyau da mara kyau, kiyaye kariya ta walƙiya na mai sarrafa wutar lantarki.

A tabbatacce kuma korau tuba na overvoltage.

Lokacin da ƙananan ƙarfin ƙarfin ɓangaren ɓangaren ya sha wahala ta hanyar walƙiya, walƙiya ya kwarara mamayewa na ƙarancin ƙarfin juriya na juriya, juriya mai ƙarancin ƙarfin lantarki bisa ga madaidaicin ma'auni grounding kayan aiki a cikin hanya, grounding na'urar lantarki kwarara Ijd a cikin grounding layin juriya RJD. ya haifar da raguwar matsin lamba.Wannan nau'in juzu'in matsin lamba yana sanya yuwuwar yuwuwar layin tsaka-tsaki a gefen wutar lantarki na ƙasa ya tashi sosai.

Yana tarawa tare da wuce gona da iri na juriya mai ƙarancin wutar lantarki kuma yana haifar da haɗari mai ƙarancin ƙarfin juriya.A lokaci guda, wannan ƙarfin lantarki na aiki yana tasowa zuwa gefen babban ƙarfin lantarki bisa ga tasirin magnetic na halin yanzu na Kor-voltage da juriya mai ƙarancin ƙarfin lantarki kuma yana tarawa tare da bambancin lokaci na aiki irin ƙarfin lantarki na juriya na Kor-voltage, yana haifar da haɗari akan - ƙarfin lantarki na juriya na iska na Kor-voltage.Busassun na'urorin wuta.

Wannan shi ake kira tabbataccen jujjuyawar wutar lantarki, wanda ke faruwa ta hanyar walƙiya ta wuce gona da iri na ƙarancin wutar lantarki, wanda ke jujjuya shi zuwa gefen babban ƙarfin lantarki gwargwadon tasirin maganadisu na yanzu, wanda ke haifar da wuce gona da iri na babban iskar wutar lantarki.

Lokacin da babban ƙarfin wutar lantarki na hanya ya fuskanci yajin walƙiya, walƙiya ta bugi kwararar wutar lantarki bisa ga babban ƙarfin walƙiya mai kama walƙiya da caji da fitarwa zuwa hanya, ƙaddamar da na'urar wutar lantarki IJD a cikin juriya na layin ƙasa RJD ya haifar da raguwar matsin lamba.Irin wannan juzu'in matsa lamba a gefen wutar lantarki na ƙasa na tsaka-tsakin layi yana da tasiri, ƙarancin ƙarfin gefen ƙofar shiga da layin fita daidai yake da na'urar ƙasa ta resistor.Sakamakon haka, ana ƙara yawancin ƙarfin ƙarfin aiki zuwa gaƙananan ƙarfin lantarki mai iskajuriya.Busassun na'urorin wuta.

Bugu da ƙari, bisa ga tasirin maganadisu na halin yanzu, wannan matsa lamba yana tashi zuwa babban ɓangaren ƙarfin lantarki a cikin ma'auni mai ma'ana kuma yana tarawa akan wutar lantarki na DC na babban ƙarfin wutar lantarki, yana haifar da over-voltage a cikin babban ƙarfin wutar lantarki kuma yana kaiwa ga lamarin tsaro shiga.

Wannan yanayin ana kiransa reversal overvoltage, inda ƙananan wutar lantarki ke canzawa zuwa babban ƙarfin lantarki ta hanyar tasirin maganadisu na yanzu, saboda babban ƙarfin wutar lantarki yana bugi ta hanyar walƙiya.

 

/bushe-nau'in-canza-samfurin/

 


Lokacin aikawa: Jul-18-2022